Pilgrimage to Jerusalem: Christians, Jews and Muslims

International conference to be held at the Yad Ben-Zvi Institute in Jerusalem on December 5th and 6th, 2017 :

Pilgrimage to Jerusalem: Christians, Jews and Muslims

Jerusalem is a city holy to  three world religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. From the Byzantine period, Christian pilgrimage here and to other holy sites became a mass phenomenon  after Saint Helen was said to have miraculously discovered the ‘True Cross of Christ’, and her son Constantine the Great had built churches in this area. Thousands of Christian believers made their way to holy sites in Palestine, Egypt and other places in order to physically experience salvation history and seek divine intervention in their lives.

Numerous travel reports, pilgrim guides and other written sources highlight important aspects of pilgrimage. In addition, many well-preserved churches, monasteries, hostels and other buildings, as well as rich archaeological findings, provide us with a vivid and synthetic picture of the history of pilgrimage to the Holy Land. In the course of these religiously motivated journeys, people of the three ‘religions of the book’ came into contact and interacted in a multitude of ways.

This three-day conference will explore the concrete aspects of pilgrimage, with a strong focus on the material record, including archaeology. Special emphasis will be placed on the interaction between the three ‘religions of the book’ in the course of Holy Land pilgrimage. The conference will include a field trip on December 7th for the participants.

Programme :

5th December
9.00
Assembly, Registration and Coffee
9.30
Greetings
Representative of Yad Ben-Zvi
Falko Daim (on behalf of Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz)
Claudia Rapp (on behalf of Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna)
Benjamin Z. Kedar (on behalf of the Organising Committee)
PILGRIMAGE IN HAGIOGRAPHY AND TRAVELLERS ACCOUNTS – I
Moderator: Benjamin Z. Kedar
9.45
Claudia Rapp (Universität Wien & Abteilung Byzanzforschung, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna), From the Holy Mountain to the Holy City and Back: The Movement of Monks and Manuscripts in the Early Byzantine Period
10.15
Johannes Pahlitzsch (Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz), Syria and Palestine in Byzantine Hagiography of the 11th & 12th Centuries
10.45
Yamit Rachman-Schrire (Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi, Jerusalem), Dominicans Writing the Holy Land: Jerusalem, Europe and Beyond

11.15
Discussion
11.30
COFFEE BREAK
PILGRIMAGE IN TRAVELLERS ACCOUNTS
Moderator: Johannes Pahlitzsch
11.50
Andreas Külzer (Abteilung Byzanzforschung, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna), Pilgrims on their Way in the Holy Land: Roads and Routes According to Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Travel Accounts
12.20
Orit Ramon (Open University of Israel), Jerusalem and the Holy Land in 16th Century Czech Traveller’s Writing
12.50
Rangar Cline (University of Oklahoma), «The Spring from which Moses Gave Water to the Children of Israel still Flows» Water and Proof in Early Christian Pilgrimage Narratives
13.20
Discussion
13.35–14.15
LUNCH
FROM THE CAUCASUS TO JERUSALEM AND BACK
Moderator: Prof. Michael Stone
14.15
Emilio Bonfiglio & Johannes Preiser-Kapeller (Abteilung Byzanzforschung, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna) From Ararat to Mount Zion: Armenian Pilgrimage and Presence in the Medieval Holy Land
14.45
Yana Tchekhanovets (Israel Antiquities Authority), Georgian and Armenian Pilgrimage to the Holy Land
15.15
Discussion
15.30
COFFEE BREAK
JEWISH PILGRIMAGE
Moderator: Joseph Patrich
15.50
Ossnat Sharon (Haifa University), Space and Self in the 15th Century Pilgrimage Narrative of Meshulam of Volterra
16.20
Eyal Ben-Eliyahu (Haifa University), The Pilgrimage in the Late Antique Jewish World
16.50
Discussion
17.05
End of Day I
6th December
9.00
ASSEMBLY AND COFFEE
THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF PILGRIMAGE TO THE HOLY LAND
Moderator: Claudia Rapp
9.30
Basema Hamarneh (University of Vienna), Between Hagiography and Archaeology: Pilgrimage and Monastic Communities on the Banks of the River Jordan
10.00
Joseph Patrich (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Arculf’s Church of St. Mary in the Complex
of the Holy Sepulchre. Location and Cult
10.30
Jon Seligman (Israel Antiquities Authority), The Economy of Pilgrimage to Jerusalem in the Byzantine Period
11.00
Discussion
11.15
COFFEE BREAK
THE VISUAL EXPRESSION AND EPIGRAPHY OF PILGRIMAGE
Moderator: Uzi Dahari
11.35
Andreas Pülz (Institut für Kulturgeschichte der Antike, Austrian Academy of Sciences), Considerations on the Iconography and Distribution of the so-called Ampoules of Asia Minor
12.05
Anastasia Keshman-Wasserman (Tel Aviv University), Mary the Doorkeeper – On the History of the Miraculous Image of the Holy Virgin in the Holy Sepulchre Church
12.35
Leah Di Segni (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Epigraphic Evidence for Pilgrimage
13.05
Daniel Reynolds (University of Birmingham), Virtuous vandals? Graffiti and Christian Pilgrimage in Byzantine Palaestina and Arabia (500-630)
13.35
Discussion
13.50–14.30
LUNCH
PILGRIMAGE AFTER THE BYZANTINE PERIOD
Moderator: Amiqam Elad
14.30
Anna Gutgarts (Tel-Aviv University), Urban Zoning and Pilgrimage in Frankish Jerusalem
15.00
Tawfiq Da’adli (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), »Sacred« Paths around al-Quds.
15.30
Max Ritter (Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz), Presence of Byzantine Pilgrims in Jerusalem
from the Umayyad to the Fatimid period (7th–10th centuries)
16.00
Robert Schick (Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz), Muslim Pilgrims to Jerusalem in the Ottoman Period
16.30
Discussion
17.00
Closing Remarks

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