Archives mensuelles : janvier 2023

Matthew Paris on the Mongol Invasion in Europe

Vient de paraître:

Zsuzsanna Papp Reed, Matthew Paris on the Mongol Invasion in Europe, Turnhout, Brepols, 2022, 469 p.


his is a novel, interdisciplinary study of the Mongol military campaign in Eastern Europe (1241–1242) — the North, as thirteenth-century Europeans saw the region — in the works of contemporary English chronicler, Matthew Paris of St Albans Monastery. Tracing the journey of his sources, the volume explores thirteenth-century information networks against the backdrop of the struggle between Emperor Frederick II and Pope Innocent IV.

Parallel to the history of information, the subject of the study is the Chronica majora and its afterlife, Matthew’s chronicle world where the sometimes fictitious (and often very real) episodes of the Mongol story unfold. Tracing major landmarks in the meta-history of the Chronica majora, the author wishes to emancipate Matthew Paris as a historian — one in the series of a multitude of others who continue to write and rewrite the history of the Mongol invasion across centuries of historiography.

The volume is a handy companion both to scholars of English historiography and those who want to read critically the oft-cited primary sources of the history of the Mongol military operations in Europe.

Table des matières:

List of Illustrations, Abbreviations


Chapter 1. Inside the Book

  • Mise-en-abîme Within and Without
  • The North by the Northwest

Chapter 2. Outside the Book

  • The Book in the Scriptorium
  • The Scriptorium in England
  • England in the European Networks

Chapter 3. Fright: Mongols in the North and East (1237-1240)

  • 1237: Chaldeans, Medes, Persians, and Armenians
  • 1238: Northbound to Hungaria major
  • 1239: Dacia, Gothia, Frisia
  • 1240: False Alarm and Irruption

Chapter 4. Fight: Mongols in the Middle (1241)

  • Holy War on the Mongols
  • The First 1241 Cluster
  • The Second 1241 Cluster

Chapter 5. Flight: Rivaling Stories of Retreat (1243-1248)

  • 1243: The Tartar Khan’s Englishman
  • 1244: Frederick’s Triumph
  • 1244: The Man from Russia
  • 1245-1248: Endgame

Chapter 6. Letters from the Afflicted Lands in the Additamenta

Chapter 7. The Afterlife of Matthew’s Mongol Story

    • Chronicles and their Afterlife
    • Back to the Future: Modern historiography
    • Vice prologi

Appendix 1: List of Manuscripts

    • Manuscripts containing the Chronica majora and its fragments / continuations
    • Manuscripts containing Matthew Paris’s Flores historiarum, and its fragments / continuations
    • Flores manuscripts listed in medieval catalogues
    • Notes on transcription
    • Further appendices



Ideas of the World in Early Medieval English Literature

Vient de paraître:

Ideas of the World in Early Medieval English Literature, Mark Atherton, Kazutomo Karasawa, Francis Leneghan (eds), Turnhout, Brepols, 2022, 442 p.


Across three thematically-linked sections, this volume charts the development of competing geographical, national, and imperial identities and communities in early medieval England. Literary works in Old English and Latin are considered alongside theological and historical texts from a range of disciplinary perspectives. Accounts of travel, foreign contacts, conversion, migration, landscape, nation, empire, and conquest are set within the continual flow of people and ideas from East to West, from continent to island and back, across the period. The fifteen contributors investigate how the early medieval English positioned themselves spatially and temporally in relation to their insular neighbours and other peoples and cultures. Several chapters explore the impact of Greek and Latin learning on Old English literature, while others extend the discussion beyond the parameters of Europe to consider connections with Asia and the Far East. Together these essays reflect ideas of inclusivity and exclusivity, connectivity and apartness, multiculturalism and insularity that shaped pre-Conquest England.

Table des matières:

Acknowledgments, List of Figures, List of Abbreviations

Introduction: Foreign Contacts, Landscapes, and Empire-Building — MARK ATHERTON, KAZUTOMO KARASAWA, AND FRANCIS LENEGHAN

Here, There, and Everywhere 

Alfred and the East — DANIEL ANLEZARK

The Wanderings of Saturn: Psychogeography, Psalms, and Solomon and Saturn — RACHEL BURNS

Otherwheres in the Prose Texts of the Nowell Codex — S. C. THOMSON

Rome away from Rome: India, Rome, and England in Ælfric’s ‘Life of St Thomas’ — LUISA OSTACCHINI

Christ Embracing the World: Ælfric’s Description of the Crucifixion in ‘De Passione Domini’ — KAZUTOMO KARASAWA

A Place in the World

Babel and Beyond: Thinking Through Migration in Genesis A — DANIEL THOMAS

The Sound-World of Early Medieval England: A Case Study of the Exeter Book Storm Riddle — BRITTON BROOKS

The Place of Stillness: Greek Patristic Thought in Cynewulf’s Juliana — ELENI PONIRAKIS

St Rumwold in the Borderland — HANNAH BAILEY

The World of Ealdorman Byrhtnoth: A Landscape Biography — MARK ATHERTON

Nation and Empire

Mapping Empire: Two World Maps in Early Medieval England — HELEN APPLETON

Good Neighbours? Representations of Britons, Welsh, Picts, and Scots in Pre-Conquest English Sources — CAITLIN ELLIS

From (North-)East to West: Geographical Identities and Political Communities in the Ninth- to Eleventh-Century Anglo-Scandinavian World — RYAN LAVELLE

Kings, People, and Lands: The Rhetoric of The Battle of Brunanburh—PAUL CAVILL

End of Empire? Reading The Death of Edward in MS Cotton Tiberius B I — FRANCIS LENEGHAN